About Us

Sexual Harassment

Almost one in five female students is sexually harassed during her university studies. In 1988, the Prevention of Sexual Harassment Law was enacted in Israel. Its purpose is to prohibit sexual harassment - in order to protect human dignity, liberty and privacy - and to promote equality between the genders.

Sexual harassment is a criminal offense that harms the relations between work and study, contravenes university policy, constitutes grounds for civil damages and is deemed a disciplinary offense. The punishment for sexual harassment may be imprisonment and / or financial compensation to the complainant. It is important to remember that despite jurists’ best efforts to define sexual harassment, no watertight definition exists and many cases fall into a grey area. Any gender

 
is capable of committing sexual harassment. The law bestows recognition on all legitimate instances.
 
 
What is sexual harassment?
 
 
It is an act of a sexual nature executed without mutual consent. Examples include but are not limited to: unwanted sexual intercourse and any verbal or physical behavior of a sexual nature. 
 
 
Sexual harassment is notorious for its grey area. The question 'What is the difference between legitimate courtship and illegitimate harassment?' Is potentially a subjective question, but in light of the need for clear definitions - we list a number of forbidden behaviors that are considered sexual harassment:
 
 
Extortion by threats, when the extorter demands an act that is sexual in nature. 
 
 
An indecent act is defined as an act of arousal, gratification or sexual humiliation. It can be any physical contact of a sexual nature done without consent, as well as exposing intimate organs to another person or voyeurism.
 
 
The two conditions required are degrading or act of coercion and are of a sexual nature.
 
 
A sexual reference that is directed at a person and focuses on his sexuality when that person has shown to the harasser that he is not interested in the said references. Here it is important to note that if it is a relationship of authority, consent or disagreement is irrelevant, since in relations of authority there is no need to show disagreement. (A relationship of authority is one in which one person has authority or influence over another person, for example, employer-employee, lecturer-student).
 
 
Repeated sexual offers of a sexual nature addressed to a person who has shown to the harasser that he or she is not interested in the said proposals. In order to establish the criteria of a repeated proposal, it is necessary to examine whether  1) the proposal is of a sexual nature and 2) whether the proposal is ongoing and repeated. Here, too, if these are acts committed within the framework of a power imbalance (teacher-student, boss-employee), there is no need to show disagreement for sexual harassment law to apply, but when considering a relationship between equals (student - student, employee employee) nonverbal or verbal non-consent must be communicated.
 
 
Contempt or humiliation directed against one’s sex, or sexual orientation. The person to whom this attitude is directed is not required to show discomfort. When we examine a case that may be interpreted as contempt or humiliation, we must ask whether the reference is indeed related to the person's sex, sexuality or sexual orientation. Whether it humiliates or demeans them, and whether it was said in their presence or behind their back.
 
 
Prevention of sexual harassment in academia
 
 
It breaks our heart to admit it but in academia, men and women are harassed due to their gender, sexual preferences, and/or sexual orientation. We at the Student Union demand an atmosphere of safe and pleasant learning for all students, without fear. All of us as students and as partners in the society must ensure to the greatest extent possible that our campus is free from sexual harassment.
 
 
If you have been harassed, or you know someone who has please seek assistance in one of the following ways:
 
 
National Center for Victims of Sexual Assault: Telephone for Women - 1202 Phone for men: 1203 http: //www.1202.org.il/
 
There is a sexual harassment commissioner at the university:
 
    Coordinator: Prof. Tamar Brosh wesayno@tauex.tau.ac.il | 03-6407875
 
 
    Commissioner: Ms. Dana Silora-Sharir wesayno@tauex.tau.ac.il | 073-3802075
 
 
    Michal Jeanne, responsible for sexual harassment on behalf of the Association szola@student.co.il | Phone: 03-6407704
 
 

No items found